3. Panning in the service of balance
You must make sure that you take the role of panning during building of a song balance into account as the sort of horizontal position of the sound source considerably affects our perception of it in the context of other instruments. We’re going to look at guitar parts in metal genre as a widespread example in professional studios of mixing mastering services. As they are a key element and must sound quite loud in comparison with vocals to avoid crossing vocals, shift them hard left and right in most cases. As a result, each sound takes its own space in a mix, and it’s unnecessary to significantly interfere in its tone with an equalizer. That is why panning is an equal of importance mixing tool for an engineer like a volume fader; the technique to isolate sounds and to find their own niche what will then facilitate the building of a future track structure.
Let’s take another example, if this part is a piece of a “complex instrument” composed of several ones, panning is taking on an enormous both technical and creative significance. According to your vision of this project as an engineer you have an opportunity to spread layers in such a way that they will be spread in the space or, conversely, shifted together to create an acoustic impression of a single instrument fulfilling the space specifically. You as an engineer should decide whether it’ll be a mono or stereo sound and apply processing aiming sound like in these online mixing services demos.